The Galileo Galilei Institute (GGI) of Florence, founded in 2005 thanks to the partnership between the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN) and Florence University, has been the first European Institute dedicated to organizing and hosting long term workshops dedicated to the field of theoretical physics of fundamental interactions. A Launching Committee was appointed with the task of giving advice about scientific and management structures and of suggesting criteria for the formation of the Scientific and Advisory Committees. The members of the Launching Committee were David Gross, Giuseppe Marchesini, Alfred Mueller, Giorgio Parisi and Gabriele Veneziano (chair). GGI was established in a building owned by the University of Florence on the historic hill of Arcetri, near the house where Galileo spent the last period of his life and died in 1642.
Since 2006 the GGI has been running on average three long term workshops every year together with conferences and smaller scientific activities. In particular several PhD schools have been organized every year on different domains of theoretical physics: string theory, particle, astroparticle and nuclear physics and statistical field theory.
In 2018 the GGI obtained an important recognition, becoming the "Centro Nazionale di Studi Avanzati dell'Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare" (National Center of Higher Studies of INFN), once again in partnership with the University of Florence. The Institute thus confirmed its status as a point of reference for the international scientific community and as a site dedicated to high-level training of young Italian and foreign researchers. The basic referent of the Center is the INFN National Scientific Committee for Theoretical Physics, which gives its full support to favour the activities of the Institute. Workshop proposals, every year, are analyzed and selected by the GGI Scientific Committee.
Together with the research activities, the Galileo Galilei Institute has recently developed a training program at postgraduate level based on a number of schools. They take place every year during winter, when the Institute is not running research programs. Each school last two-three weeks and is devoted to a specific subject: particle physics, string theory, statistical field theory, nuclear physics, etc.
The schools aim at providing pedagogical introductions on the basic concepts and tools needed for research in theoretical physics, and cover basic as well as advanced topics. Lectures are given at the blackboard and mostly in the morning. The afternoon is devoted to exercises, study and discussions with lecturers and senior participants. A desk and standard research facilities are provided to all students.
The lectures are primarily addressed to Ph.D. students, but participation of postdocs is also encouraged. The courses are officially part of the Italian Ph.D. training program for the Universities that have joined the initiative. In this case, there is the possibility of a final exam with the lecturers.
- Aug 26, 2019 - Oct 11, 2019
Next Frontiers in the Search for Dark Matter
The origin of dark matter (DM) is among the most urgent questions in fundamental physics, as astronomical observations do not inform us directly about its particle nature. The proposed workshop will bring together theorists and experimentalists to explore new theoretical avenues and detection strategies. During the workshop we will focus on well-motivated and long-standing theories of DM, such as WIMPs and axions, and we will assess the status of fast-moving current searches. We will identify new DM theories, with particular emphasis on those giving distinct predictions from WIMPs. There will also be extensive discussions about new ideas for discovering DM through direct detection, indirect detection, collider production, and cosmological observations. Finally, we will explore dark-sector extensions of the standard model, which can yield distinctive cosmological and astrophysical signals, as well as exotic events at colliders. Notice that there will be a conference during week 5 (Sep 23-27), covering the topics of the workshop. See the link above.
- Sep 23, 2019 - Sep 27, 2019
Next Frontiers in the Search for Dark Matter
- Oct 13, 2019 - Oct 27, 2019
Beyond the Standard Model: historical-critical perspectives
Ever since the Standard Model was established, there have been speculations about physics “beyond the Standard Model” (BSM), giving rise to a steady flow of models of “new physics” and letting the borders between high energy physics, astrophysics, and cosmology become increasingly permeable. So far, though, experiments failed to provide evidence for new physics, generating increasing talk of a “crisis” of these research programs, calling into question their premises, such as the principle of naturalness, or even questioning their scientific methodology. The workshop aims at approaching the present situation from a historical-critical perspective, contextualizing and questioning the developments of earlier decades, both to understand better their past and present scope, and to provide new material for reflections on contemporary physical research.